Human Foods Which Are Toxic To Dogs
These common human foods can be toxic or even fatal foods for your dog.
Do not assume, if your dog has eaten these foods before with no apparent harm, that they won't be harmful or fatal when a larger amount is consumed. And note that the effects may not always show up immediately, so you may not have associated the symptoms with a particular toxic food your dog ate a day or two earlier.
Some foods, like onions, do not cause any apparent problems unless and until the toxic elements ingested and stored in the body build up to a level sufficient to cause symptoms to appear. Some foods take time to do damage, such as those toxic foods that inhibit the uptake of critical minerals or nutrients and act as slow, silent killers of your pet.
The most dangerous foods which could produce serious symptoms and quickly lead to the death of a dog are listed in RED.
Immediate treatment or emergency veterinary care may be required to save the dog's life, so do not delay if you see your dog eat these foods or if you see the related symptoms manifesting in your dog. Learn these symptoms described below so you can recognize them in your dog and act quickly enough to save your pet's life. Some of these foods act like POISON to a dog, so DON'T WAIT to see if your pet gets worse or better after ingesting a known deadly poison! Here you can learn and KNOW which foods are deadly poisons to a dog, and then be ready to ACT IMMEDIATELY to get treatment and save a life.
Chocolate and Cocoa (Theobromine is a methylxanthine compound similar to caffeine. Both can be fatal to dogs and birds, and both are present in chocolate. Do not let your dog ingest types of chocolate that contain higher levels of Theobromine, which are pure cocoa powder, baker's chocolate, and dark chocolate (in that order); since ingesting even smaller quantities may be toxic. Just two ounces of baker's chocolate can kill a small dog! If your pet consumes more than half an ounce of milk chocolate per pound of body weight, get veterinary care immediately! Be aware that cocoa bean mulch used in gardens may get eaten by dogs, and it also contains high levels of Theobromine (300 to 1300 mg per ounce). Ingesting over 9 ounces can kill a 50 pound dog. Early symptoms of chocolate toxicity are: hyperactivity, sudden excitement or agitation or "manic" type of behavior, muscle tremors, rapid heart rate, and increased urination - similar to an overdose of caffeine in humans. If chocolate or caffeine ingestion was observed, inducing vomiting within two hours may help. Get veterinary treatment IMMEDIATELY for at high doses death can occur within 12 hours. See more details below.),
Caffeine (raises a dog's heart rate to a dangerous level and has been known to cause seizures, and sometimes death. Early symptoms of caffeine ingestion occur quickly and include: hyperactivity or excitement, rapid heart rate, muscle tremors, and increased urination. Note that coffee beans, instant coffee powder, used coffee grounds, guarano beans, tea, iced tea, "energy" drinks, weight loss pills, and many soft drinks contain high levels of caffeine which can affect a dog's central nervous system and heart. Severity of symptoms depends on the dose per pound of body weight; so small dogs and cats, puppies, and kittens - and baby humans - are more at risk. Other symptoms of caffeine ingestion are: vomiting, extreme restlessness or hyperactivity, heart palpitations, and even a quick death. Give lots of water and take your dog to the vet IMMEDIATELY! Note that both caffeine and nicotine are narcotic drugs which affect the brain and nervous system. While you are not likely to encounter any pure caffeine or nicotine, to understand how deadly they are you should be aware that less than a drop of the pure substance absorbed through the skin could kill a large human or dog as quickly as a heroin overdose.),
Nicotine Gum and Tobacco Products (cigarettes and cigars or their butts, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, nicotine patches, nicotine gum, and e-cigarette loads can be fatal to dogs, cats, birds - and human babies - if they are eaten. Severity of symptoms depends on dose per pound of body weight, so small animals and small humans are most at risk. Early symptoms of nicotine ingestion may appear within an hour, and include: hyperactivity, salivation, panting, vomiting, and diarrhea. Advanced symptoms include: rapid heart rate, muscle tremors or twitching, muscle weakness, collapse, coma, cardiac arrest, and death. Give lots of water and take your pet to the vet IMMEDIATELY.),
Alcohol (can cause disorientation and lead to injury, sickness, urination problems, or even coma or death from alcohol poisoning. Even one ounce can be lethal. Alcohol is present in beer, wine, liquor, liqueurs, hard cider, alcohol based "cooler" drinks, vanilla extract and some herbal tinctures. Also see "Raw Bread Dough" below.),
Table Salt and Sea Salt (ingesting excessive amounts of sodium chloride can cause hypernatremia and Salt Poisoning in dogs. Less than a half cup of salt can kill a medium sized dog. Excessive sodium in the dog's blood can cause cerebral edema - swelling of the brain. Symptoms of salt poisoning are: vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst, frequent and excessive urination, abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body, loss of appetite, lethargy, walking as if drunk, falling over, tremors, seizures, injury to the kdneys, coma, and death. When at an ocean beach, dogs will not normally drink the salty sea water, but if they get thirsty and no fresh water is available, they do not know the danger and will drink the salt water. Make sure you provide fresh water when you take your dog to the ocean, and keep watch so that he doesn't drink any salt water. Many processed foods for humans contain excessive salt, so do not feed them to your dog. Do not feed them French Fries, salted popcorn, or any corn on the cob. Some home-made children's "play dough" recipes contain large amounts of salt, which can harm a dog who eats the dough. Rock salt used to de-ice roads and walkways is even more toxic to dogs; so clean their paws and fur if they are exposed, before they try to lick it off themselves.),
Xylitol in Candy and Gum (is a natural-source sweetener made from corncobs or hardwood trees which is often used in sugar-free candy, mints, and gum, and as a low-calorie sweetener in desserts, baked goods, and flavored vitamins and "gummies" style chewable vitamins. Eating excessive amounts of Xylitol can cause a sudden release of insulin and a sudden drop in blood sugar for dogs - but not humans - which can lead to weakness, staggering, and other symptoms of hypoglycemia. A sudden drop in blood sugar could result in loss of coordination and seizures, sometimes less than 30 minutes after the dog ingests enough Xylitol. With some dogs, liver failure occurs within 9 to 72 hours without any symptoms of low blood sugar. Liver failure is associated with large doses equal to 0.5 grams per kilogram of a dog's body weight or more. Typically, one piece of sugar-free gum contains 0.3 grams of Xylitol. Dogs may have signs of bleeding in their stool or on their skin. To avoid death, immediate veterinary care is required.),
Grapes and Raisins, Sultanas, and Currants (contain an unknown substance which can cause acute renal failure in some dogs. Even a handful could cause death. It is unknown why some dogs seem not to be affected, while others react to a small amount and die. Note: "grapeseed extract" is safe, and is used in some healthy pet foods as a rich source of powerful antioxidants called proanthocyanidins.),
Nutmeg. (This is a brownish spice often used in eggnog and mulled cider. It affects the central nervous system of dogs and may cause tremors or seizures. If larger amounts of nutmeg are ingested it can cause death for dogs - and humans too.),
Peanuts and Sunflower Seeds (These, and peanut butter, are not normally toxic. But the nuts and seeds and particularly the hulls are too often contaminated with Aspergillus fungus mold that produces a mycotoxin called Aflatoxin which can cause liver damage and death for dogs. Corn and wheat and soybeans are also very frequent hosts for this toxic mold. Levels of Aflatoxin too low to harm cattle, pigs or people can be FATAL to dogs and birds, who are the MOST sensitive to it. Dog foods and treats are often recalled to avoid aflatoxin poisoning when corn, maize, wheat, soy beans, or peanut hulls which were used as ingredients become contaminated. Even the U.S. FDA "acceptable" concentration of aflatoxin contamination in peanuts fit for humans - a maximum of 20 parts-per-million - may not protect your dog, who can be killed by lower concentrations of this poison that would not be dangerous for humans and other animals. Note that cooking can kill the fungus, but will NOT deactivate any of the poisonous aflatoxin which it may have already produced. Thus feeding sunflower seeds, peanuts or peanut hulls to a dog may seem too much of a health risk for potentially deadly Aflatoxin Poisoning).
Avoiding all dog foods which contain maize, corn, wheat, soy beans, or peanut hulls would greatly reduce the risk of aflatoxin poisoning. Some dog food makers will NOT use any of these as ingredients at all, because of the unnecessary risk of including them in a dog's food.
Corn and Maize (The Aspergillus mold which produces Aflatoxin often grows on corn, maize, soy beans, peanuts and wheat. See previous item on Peanuts. Corn or soy beans or peanuts that are deemed safe for humans may still have levels of Aflatoxin high enough to harm or kill dogs, which are MUCH more sensitive to this toxin. Cooking the corn or other foods does NOT kill the toxin. Dogs cannot digest corn, and they can choke on pieces of corn cob - so don't take the risk of feeding raw or cooked corn to your dog, even if it was fresh-picked.),
Moldy foods (If it's a white/gray, feathery mold like Aspergillus which produced aflatoxin it can be severely toxic or fatal to dogs and cats. This mold often grows on wheat, corn, maize, soy beans and peanuts. Other kinds of fungal molds also produce toxins which are harmful or fatal to dogs.),
Raw Salmon and Trout (and certain types of fish such as Sturgeon and Shad can be infected with a parasite called Nanophyetus salmincola, a type of trematode worm which is often infected with a type of bacteria known as Neorickettsia helminthoeca that only affects canines, not other animals. Dogs can show symptoms such as weakness, loss of appetite, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes, and fever - and 90% of untreated dogs die. Thorough cooking of the fish kills both the worm and the bacteria.),
Raw Eggs and Raw Chicken (and raw Turkey or Duck can be infected with Salmonella bacteria or E. coli which cause food poisoning in dogs and humans - and cats are the most susceptible. Symptoms of Salmonella poisoning include: fever, diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Egg yolks are generally safe, but raw egg whites contain a protein called avidin which can deplete your dog of biotin, one of the B vitamins - though some research indicates that it would take large quantities of egg whites to cause this condition. Symptoms of biotin depletion are: weakness, hair loss, retarded growth, and deformity of the skeleton. However, cooked eggs are safe, highly nutritious, and make a fine doggie treat. Thorough cooking at a temperature above 180 degrees Fahrenheit - water boils at 212F - kills Salmonella bacteria and destroys its toxin, so a sliced hard-boiled egg makes a safe and healthy dog treat and a poached egg makes a healthy topping on a dog's food.),
Cooked Chicken Bones (Raw chicken bones are flexible and not usually a problem, but when cooked they get brittle and can splinter into sharp little daggers that tear your dog's throat or intestines. Some other types of cooked bones like pork ribs also get brittle and may pose a danger to your dog. Fake rawhide bones sometimes cause choking when hard pieces break off, so keep an eye on your dog while he chews them. Large raw beef hock bones are perhaps the safest choice for a dog's bone.),
Fruit Pips, Pits, Seeds, and Stems (The seeds, stems, pits, and leaves of apples, apricots, cherries, peaches, pears and plums all contain cyanogenic glycosides, some of which have the potential to cause vomiting and loss of appetite in dogs and cats. Ingesting large amounts can cause weakness, staggering, difficulty breathing, hyperventilation - or even shock, coma and death. The fruit pulp is not toxic, and cut up fruit with the seeds, pips, pits, stones and stems removed is a safe treat for some dogs. Do not feed whole cherries with the stones or "pips" still inside.),
Raw Bread Dough and Bread-making Yeast (The yeast which causes bread and pizza dough to rise will ferment and expand and produce ethanol - i.e. alcohol - in a dog's warm stomach, which can cause alcohol poisoning, disorientation, discomfort, vomiting or unsuccessful attempts at vomiting, bloating, and even rupture of the intestines - even in small amounts, since the raw dough expands to many times its original size. Small dogs are most at risk. If large amounts were eaten or you see significant swelling of the stomach - known as "bloat" - EMERGENCY TREATMENT is necessary. Do not waste time! Get your dog to the vet right away, as bloat can quickly cause serious problems and even the rapid onset of death.),
Raw Cookie Dough or Cake Mix (The baking powder which creates carbon dioxide gas bubbles to expand the cookie or cake mix can create gas in the warm stomach and intestines of a dog which eats the unbaked mix. The expansion of the raw mixture can cause flatulence, discomfort, and bloating. Ingesting large amounts could possibly cause a rupture of the intestines, so in this case, inducing vomiting as soon as possible may help. If significant swelling of the stomach or "bloat" has occurred, take your dog for emergency treatment IMMEDIATELY!),
Turkey Skin or Ham Fat (Any high-fat meal can cause acute pancreatitis in dogs that have a fixed diet like commercial dog food and are not used to high-fat foods like these. Symptoms include vomiting and pain in stomach. Emergency treatment is needed.),
Onions and Garlic in all forms (In dogs, cats and other mammals, large quantities or continual consumption of the Allium family of plants, such as raw onions, garlic, or chives - which all contain thiosulphate - can cause red blood cells to rupture and result in Heinz-Body Hemolytic Anemia. A toxic dose of raw onions is anything greater than one-half percent (0.5%) of the dog's body weight. Ingesting 2.5 grams of dehydrated onions per pound of body weight causes hemolysis and anemia in dogs, especially in Akitas and Japanese Simbas. The onion powder in human baby foods can make kittens sick. To stop eating the onions can reverse the anemia. Garlic contains much LESS thiosulphate and has a much LESSER EFFECT than onions; so ingesting small amounts of garlic may be safe. When crushed or sliced garlic cloves, or granulated garlic, or garlic powder - NOT garlic salt - is added in small amounts to a dog's food it may serve as a very useful flea, lice, tick, and mosquito repellant. It also serves as a powerful natural antibiotic, antiviral, antifungal, and antiparasitic for dogs, as it does for humans. Store onions and garlic bulbs out of sight and out of reach of your dog, for some dogs will try to eat them.),
White Potatoes (The starchy white flesh inside potatoes is not harmful, but potato skins which are still green and any green sprouts or "eyes" contain the alkaloid solanine and other alkaloids which are poisonous to dogs and humans. If large amounts are eaten, symptoms are: loss of appetite, drowsiness, drooling, gastrointestinal upset including vomiting and diarrhea, and central nervous system effects such as confusion, depression, behavior changes, dilated pupils, weakness, and slowed heart rate. Peeled baked or boiled white potatoes - and Yukon Gold potatoes - with the sprouts or "eyes" removed and NO salt added are a safe treat loved by some dogs, and are a source of fiber and many nutrients. But keep bags of new potatoes that may sprout "eyes", and any discarded potato peelings and greens, out of reach of your dog and human child. Do not feed your dog French Fries for humans or any commercially processed frozen potatoes, because they contain large amounts of salt which can poison a dog.),
Sweet Potatoes (uncooked sweet potatoes contain a substance which inhibits a natural enzyme trypsin necessary for the dog's pancreas to digest proteins. But peeled and cut sweet potatoes that you bake or boil yourself and serve without salt are a very nutritious treat for your dog. Sweet potatoes act as a natural stool hardener. Do not feed your dog Sweet Potato Fries for humans or any commercially processed sweet potatoes, because they contain too much salt and can cause salt poisoning.),
Avocado (contains a toxic compound called persin - concentrated mainly in the leaves and less in the skin - which can damage the heart, lung and other tissues of a dog. The inner avocado fruit pulp and avocado oil are not toxic, but the high fat content of avocado fruit can trigger vomiting or even lead to pancreatitis, so keep your dog away from guacamole dip made from avocado. The hard pit inside is also toxic, and can cause choking or intestinal blockage if swallowed.),
Citrus Fruits (The peels, fruit, and seeds of grapefruits, oranges, lemons, and limes contain citric acid, limonin and volatile oils which can cause gastrointestinal irritation such as vomiting and diarrhea if ingested by a dog. Feeding small amounts of the peeled fruit with seeds removed is likely harmless, but avoid letting your dog ingest larger quantities. Ingesting citrus-based household cleaners and furniture polishes with orange oil or lemon oil can cause the above symptoms as well as central nervous system depression.)
Mushrooms (The ones eaten by humans are safe, but feeding mushrooms to your dog might lead him to seek and eat wild mushrooms which may be poisonous enough to cause sickness or even death. Remove all wild mushrooms from your yard as a precaution.),
Cow Milk (Like some humans, about 50% of dogs are "lactose intolerant", i.e. they lack the enzyme to digest the sugar Lactose, which is also called "milk sugar". This can cause stomach cramps, flatulence, foul smelling excrement, and diarrhea. Fermented dairy foods like cheese, cottage cheese, and plain yogurt or kefir contain LESS lactose, and most dogs can tolerate small amounts as a treat. Do NOT feed a dog a flavored yogurt or kefir which contains sugar or Xylitol! Unsweetened Balkan-style plain yogurt and plain unsweetened kefir - which you can make yourself from whole milk and then add small pieces of dog-safe fruit - contain biofriendly bacteria which help digest food in dogs and humans. Kefir is a liquid which, like yogurt, is made from cow milk fermented by yeast; but is fermented much longer and usually contains more varieties of good bacteria and up to ten times the volume of those probiotic bacteria.),
Broccoli (is nutritious for dogs in small amounts, but if the amount exceeds about ten percent of their daily food intake the substance isothiocyanate can cause gastrointestinal irritation.),
Tomatoes and Rhubarb (The stems and leaves contain oxalates, which can cause bladder stones.),
Macadamia Nuts (Eating as little as six nuts can cause anxiety, weakness, muscle tremors, and paralysis of hindquarters of a dog, which usually ends in a few days. Cause is unknown.),
Walnuts (can cause gastroenteritis in dogs),
All tree nuts (contain high levels of phosphorus which can lead to the formation of bladder stones in dogs. Tree nuts like Brazil nuts, pecans, pistachios, and walnuts sold for human consumption are often contaminated with very low levels of poisonous aflatoxin from Aspergillus mold which the U.S. FDA considers safe for humans. Yet that same low concentration may be toxic or fatal to dogs, which, along with birds, are the animals MOST sensitive to this poison. It is not worth the risk of killing your dog, so it may be best to avoid feeding it ANY kind of nuts - or peanuts, which are not nuts but legumes, but are often contaminated with deadly aflatoxin too.),
Tuna fish (Canned or cooked tuna which has been deboned is a nutritious food and a good source of Omega 3 fatty acids, but much of the tuna caught in the ocean is now contaminated with unhealthy levels of Mercury. A steady diet of tuna can lead to a build-up of Mercury, which is toxic to dogs and cats and humans. Albacore or "white" tuna contains the highest levels of mercury, as do shark, swordfish, and king mackerel. Lower levels are found in the "light" type of tuna fish, so avoid "white" and choose "light". Tilapia and wild salmon are fish with low levels of mercury, but uncooked salmon can be toxic to dogs. Sse "Raw Salmon" above.),
Carrots (Many dogs love this vegetable as a healthy treat that also helps clean a dog's teeth. But be aware that carrots absorb more toxic pesticides from the ground than all other vegetables, which is why farmers often plant a carrot crop to remove excessive pesticide build-up in the soil. It would be safer to feed your dog - and yourself - organic carrots grown on farms which use no pesticides at all.)
Sugar-Filled Foods and Drinks (Many snack foods and juice drinks and colas contain excessive amounts of cane sugar, beet sugar, and/or glucose that have the same effect on dogs as on humans: obesity, tooth decay, and possibly the onset of diabetes.)
More About Chocolate...
Compared to cocoa or dark chocolate, milk chocolate contains much less Theobromine - which is similar to Caffeine but weaker. Cocoa powder and dark chocolate actually provide many health benefits to humans, but a dog's metabolism can only process a small amount of Theobromine, and consuming too much becomes toxic and can cause heart failure or pancreatitis. So you should avoid feeding your dog cocoa powder or chocolate candies or ANY kind of chocolate, and avoid leaving them where your dog might find them and eat a large quantity, for in sufficient amounts chocolate can be fatal to a dog. The smaller the dog, the less chocolate it takes to poison it - and feeding it even a little of the safer milk chocolate will condition your dog to seek chocolate and perhaps eat a fatal dose one day. "White chocolate" contains little real chocolate or Theobromine because it is made from cocoa butter, but it is very high in fats and refined sugar and should also be avoided.
Remember to avoid using cocoa bean mulch for landscaping or gardening - for your dog may be attracted to the chocolate smell and taste and ingest a potentially dangerous dose of Theobromine. Hershey, the manufacturer, says that only 1 in 50 dogs will eat the cocoa mulch - but that one might be your dog! Eating just 9 ounces of cocoa bean mulch can deliver enough Theobromine to kill a 50 pound dog.
Another common dog danger in the garden is Slug and Snail pellets which often contain Metaldehyde. This is one of the most common known causes of dog deaths by poisoning. But not all slug and snail baits contain metaldehyde, so check which type was ingested. Metaldehyde poisoning is very serious and is usually fatal without immediate treatment. Symptoms: the dog may initially appear unsteady on its feet and act twitchy, but may soon begin to suffer continuous convulsions and possible respiratory failure.
Emergency First-Aid - Induced Vomiting (Causing Your Pet To "Throw Up")
WARNING: Pet owners should only induce vomiting when directed to do so by a veterinarian, for some emetic agents may do more harm than good, depending on the type of toxic material ingested.
But THREE PERCENT (3%) hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) can be given at home as an emetic agent to induce vomiting as EMERGENCY first aid to help remove potentially toxic substances from your dog or cat's stomach (such as antifreeze) when a RAPID response is required and any delay could result in death. Use about 1 milliliter (ml) of undiluted 3% hydrogen peroxide per pound of body weight (or 1 teaspoon per 5 pounds), not exceeding 45 ml or 3 tablespoons. "Undiluted" means do NOT mix it with water or any other liquid, but give it just as it comes right from the bottle. WARNING: DO NOT use the much stronger FIVE percent (5%) hydrogen peroxide used in hair colorings as a hair-lightening bleach, as it may burn the dog's mouth and throat.
Emetic agents work best if the dog has just eaten within the last 2 hours and still has some food material in its stomach. If you don't know how long it has been since the dog ate some food, then before inducing vomiting - if the dog is still willing and able to eat - it would help to feed a small amount of moist canned food or a slice of moistened bread, which provides something for the ingested poison or toxic material to adhere to.
Do not force the emetic agent down the pet's throat or it could flow into the lungs; so make sure the animal is actually swallowing the liquid. Using a turkey baster (preferably with a tube made of soft plastic and not made of hard metal with a sharp edge that may cut the throat) may help get the emetic past the tongue and down into the throat of the dog if he will not swallow the liquid 3% H2O2.
Adding a little honey or vanilla ice cream to the 3% hydrogen peroxide solution may help your pet accept it and swallow it willingly. It should begin to work within 15 minutes after ingesting the 3% H202. Get you dog to walk around, if possible, until it begins to vomit. If no vomiting occurs after 15 minutes, administer one more dose. If your dog still has not vomited after 15 more minutes, do NOT give a third dose. Stop trying, and contact your veterinarian or take your dog where he can receive veterinary care. There are prescription drugs such as apomorphine which are used by vets and work much more effectively to induce vomiting.
Syrup of Ipecac (NOT Ipecac fluid-extract) is another emergency emetic agent to use under direction of a veterinarian. It acts by causing gastric irritation and stimulates the central nervous system to induce vomiting. (DO NOT give this to cats!) For dogs, the dose is 2.2 milliliters (ml) per kilogram of body weight (1 kilogram equals 2.2 pounds), but not to exceed 30 ml. The information in the above paragraphs applies to both H2O2 and syrup of ipecac.
Do NOT induce vomiting if your pet has already vomited, or is having seizures, or exhibits tremors or other neurologic signs, or is extrememly stimulated or hyperactive, or is severely lethargic or comatose, or has recently had abdominal surgery. If you KNOW exactly WHEN the dog ingested the dangerous toxic material and it has been more than two hours since then, the toxic material will already have moved out of the stomach. Inducing vomiting will not be effective in removing it, so do not try.
Do NOT induce vomiting if the dog has ingested caustic chemicals which burn, or has ingested oils or other substances which could damage the gastrointestinal tract or enter the lungs during vomiting. This includes bleach, acids, and petroleum distillates.
Do NOT use salt water as an emetic agent because it can cause salt poisoning in dogs (see "Table Salt" in the list above). Using mustard is not reliable in an emergency.
A Dangerous Dog Treat - "Greenies"
You should also know about this top-selling dog treat called Greenies which is sold as a teeth cleaner and breath freshener. A CNN Report states that Greenies have killed at least 13 dogs, but not from poisoned ingredients. It seems that sometimes the toothbrush-shaped chewable dog treat remains hard and undigested and becomes lodged in the dogs' throat or intestine.
"A CNN investigation uncovered 40 cases since 2003 where a veterinarian had to extract a Greenie from a dog after the treat became lodged either in the animal's esophagus or intestine. In 13 of those cases, the pet died."
Note that chewing raw meat actually cleans the teeth of wolves and wild dogs, and keeps their gums healthy. Commercial pet foods without chunks of actual animal meat are NOT a substitute for the natural cleaning effect of raw meat in your dog's diet. Instead of using those risky Greenies or other fake "bones" or alleged "teeth cleaner" rawhide "bones", you could occasionally give your dog chunks of turkey or chicken breast or some cheaper cuts of RAW beef or veal for humans, like "stewing beef" or "flank steak". It's okay to cook the MEAT you feed your dog. Cooking chicken and turkey and duck reduces the risk of salmonella poisoning - and cooking pork reduces the risk of pork tapeworm infection (which can be fatal for dogs and humans). But you should NOT feed a dog cooked bones which become brittle and can break into sharp pieces which pierce a dog's throat, stomach, or intestines!
NEVER feed your dog COOKED chicken or turkey bones which are brittle and break into little daggers. Also avoid pork ribs and beef ribs, both cooked and uncooked. (Do not feed your pet the SKIN of turkey, which can cause acute pancreatitis in dogs.)
Human Foods Toxic to Dogs |
Toxic Preservatives to Avoid |
Symptoms of Melamine Poisoning |
Symptoms of Aflatoxin Poisoning |
Dog Foods NOT Recalled |
Dog Nutrition |
What's Wrong with Wheat and Corn? |
What's So Wrong with Soy? |
Life's Abundance Dog Food |
$1 SAMPLE Dog Food (USA) |
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You'll be very surprised when you click here to see:
25 Popular Dog Foods Compared on 8 Nutrition Factors plus Cost Per Day
Some highly regarded and trusted adult dry dog foods like Hill's Science Diet Nature's BestŪ Chicken and Brown Rice, and Royal Canin Medium Breed Adult each contain CORN or wheat or their glutens.
One of the compared adult dry dog foods with one of the worst nutritional evalutations actually has one of the highest costs per day. Could it be the one you are buying for your precious pet?
To learn MORE about what's really in dog and cat foods and pet treats, read the
Safe Dog Food page.
Toxic Artificial Preservatives:
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT),
Ethoxyquin, Propylene Glycol
Many dog foods sold in supermarkets and chain stores are up to 18 months old before you buy them, so the manufacturers add unhealthy artificial preservatives like Ethoxyquin, propylene glycol, BHA and BHT to preserve their pet food profits.
These additives are only there to increase "shelf life" and increase profits - not to help your dog be healthy and well-nourished. In fact, they may lead to needless suffering and an early death for your precious pet.
The BHA and BHT preservatives can cause allergies, and with long term consumption they have been found to cause liver disease and other health problems. They may potentially cause cancer, and their use in pet foods has not been thoroughly studied. Even though the permitted levels are low, long term consumption could create a build-up that may prove to be harmful to your pet.
The use of both BHA and BHT in human foods has been banned in many countries, but human use is still permitted in the USA. BHA and BHT are regarded as possible human carcinogens, and both are apparently carcinogenic in animal experiments.
Propylene glycol (also used as an automotive antifreeze) was banned in cat food because it causes anemia in cats. Yet it is still allowed in dog food and used as a preservative.
U.S. regulations do NOT require these artificial preservatives to be shown on the Ingredient List IF they were added to an ingredient before the dog food was manufactured - i.e. not added by the dog food maker. So you may never be aware of them. But they are likely to be used in dog foods which need to have a shelf life of a year or more.
Deadly To Dogs: Ethylene Glycol
Also be sure to keep your dog or cat away from open containers or spilled puddles of automotive antifreeze which contains ethylene glycol, for its sweet taste induces dogs and cats to keep drinking it or licking it up, and its toxicity can kill them!
About five tablespoons of ethylene glycol can kill a medium size dog within days (but one teaspoon can kill a 7 pound cat, or 1 tablespoon can kill a 12 pound cat). It can be fatal to cat who just walks through a puddle of ethylene glycol antifreeze and then licks its paws.
Ethylene glycol is metabolized into oxalic acid which binds with the calcium in the blood. This forms calcium oxalate crystals that get deposited in the kidneys and makes the dog extremely sick and causes extreme pain. Symptoms will include depression, vomiting, and gastric irritation (upset stomach). Convulsions, coma, and death from kidney failure are common.
If your vehicle's radiator or a water hose has a leak and some fluid with antifreeze has dripped onto the garage floor or parking area - or especially if you poured new antifreeze into the radiator and spilled some full-strength antifreeze fluid - then clean it up immediately before your dog or cat happens to find it and decides to lap up that deadly pet poison!
Early symptoms of antifreeze poisoning occur quickly and include: vomiting, sudden depression, weakness, stupor, disorientation and staggering (and sometimes convulsions), drinking lots of water, and frequent urination. Only IMMEDIATE veterinary treatment within 8 hours (4 hours for cats) may prevent death by kidney failure that can occur in 12 to 36 hours, depending on the dose. Induce vomiting and take the pet to the vet immediately! With lower amounts of ingested antifreeze, dogs may appear to recover from the early symptoms in less than 12 hours, but kidney damage may continue and the dog may die later from kidney failure. Cats rarely recover.
As a further precaution, thoroughly flush the water system of a house or cottage which sat vacant all winter and had antifreeze put into any of the pipes, so your pet does not drink any antifreeze in the tap water or toilet water! Don't let the flushed antifreeze water remain sitting in puddles or anywhere your pet could access it and drink it.
Remember... There are safer forms of antifreeze available which use propylene glycol, and pet owners should use them!
You could help save the life of your pet by using only the less toxic propylene glycol based antifreeze in your vehicle, instead of the highly poisonous ethylene glycol. Convince your neighbors to make the switch too. Convince your mechanic and car dealer to use and sell only the safer propylene glycol antifreeze to help protect pets from poisoning.
Later symptoms of kidney failure in dogs and cats include: severe depression, sores in the mouth, a noticeable increase in bad breath, decreasing amounts of passed urine, then coma and death.
Ethoxyquin - The Monsanto Pesticide Used To Preserve Pet Food Profits
Some veterinarians consider Ethoxyquin to be a major cause of skin problems, diseases, and infertility in dogs.
Some pet owners have attributed allergic reactions, skin problems, major organ failure, behavior problems, and cancer to the use of ethoxyquin in their pet's food.
Ethoxyquin has never been proven to be safe for the lifespan of a pet dog or cat. It has been linked to thyroid, kidney, reproductive and immune related illnesses, and cancer. To date, no reliable and conclusive research results have been found, either for the safety of this product or against it being safe.
Ethoxyquin has never even been tested to determine its safety for use in cat food. In Japan, the Department Of Pathology at Nagoya City University Medical School recently conducted a study that found ethoxyquin promoted kidney carcinogenesis, enhanced bladder carcinogesis, and significantly increased incidence of stomach tumors.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture lists it as a pesticide.
Ethoxyquin is made by Monsanto (the same company which makes GMOs) as a rubber stabilizer, but it is also sold as a pesticide and herbicide.
What is this poison doing in ANY kind of food? You should avoid feeding it to your pets. (There have been rumors that lawsuits involving ethoxyquin in animal feeds have resulted in a hushed-up removal of this chemical from some commercial pet foods.)
In the USA, preservatives do NOT have to be shown on the cat or dog food label IF they were previously added to the raw materials but NOT added by the pet food manufacturer. BHA, BHT, Ethoxyquin and Propyl Gallate are all unhealthy artificial preservatives known to create health problems, so you may wish to avoid pet foods which are likely to contain them, even if they are not listed on the label.
An extra long shelf life (a "best before" date MORE than six months from the current date, or an "expiry date" more than 12 months from the current date) is your clue that the product may contain one or more of these unhealthy artificial preservatives. The safe natural preservatives can only preserve freshness for up to six months, and prevent spoilage for 11 to 12 months.
Here's another clue: the mass-market pet food brands sold through supermarkets and chain stores sometimes sit in warehouses or steel containers, and then on store shelves. They can be up to 18 months old before you buy them, so they are the pet foods most likely to contain those unhealthy artificial preservatives. You will find the safe natural preservatives used more often by independent pet food producers who make small batches at a time - and especially those who ship their foods fresh to your door.
But this clue won't work unless the date of manufacture appears on the dog food packaging in a form you can understand. "Lot numbers" usually contain the date of manufacture, but usually in a code that you may not be able to crack. Also, if the dog food has already been in storage or on the shelf for a year, but you cannot tell because you cannot read the date of manufacture, then the marked "expiry date" which could now be six months into the future could appear as a short-term shelf life like the one on a safer, healthier dog food that does not use long-term preservatives like Ethoxyquin or Propylene Glycol to extend shelf life to eighteen months. Maybe that's why they put the date of manufacture in code, so you cannot tell how old the food product is when you buy it.
Responding to concerns of pet owners, some independent pet food manufacturers who do not mass-market their pet foods through supermarket chains are using safe natural antioxidants such as Vitamin C (ascorbate) and Vitamin E (mixed tocopherols), or rosemary, clove, and other spices as preservatives. However, this reduces the freshness period ("best before" date) of the foods to about six months, and the safe use date ("expiry date") to 11 or 12 months, so you should be careful to look for "best before" dates on your dog foods.
Tocopherols are a source of Vitamin E, which is a strong antioxidant that retards the degradation of other vitamins and also protects fats from turning rancid too quickly. Used as a natural preservative in pet foods, tocopherals can preserve freshness for up to six months ("best before" date), and safe usability ("expiry" date) for up to 11 or 12 months.
A Dog Food With Healthy and Safe Ingredients.
NO Corn, NO Wheat, NO Wheat Glutens, NO Corn Glutens, NO Animal Byproducts,
NO Artifical Colorings, and NO Artifical Preservatives Like BHA or BHT or Ethoxyquin.
Life's Abundance dry dog food is made from natural ingredients processed at low temperatures (to preserve nutrients) in small batches (to ensure the food products are always fresh) in two government certified processing plants in the USA.
Life's Abundance cat or dog food is shipped to your door generally within 4 to 6 WEEKS from the date it was made. And it contains natural antioxidants, so it does NOT need to contain any potentially cancer-causing artificial preservatives like Ethoxyquin, BHA, and BHT.
Life's Abundance cat and dog foods and treats have NOT been subject to recalls because their healthy and safe foods never contained ANY wheat gluten or rice gluten or rice concentrate that could have been contaminated by melamine.
And they have NOT been recalled due to aflatoxin contamination because they DO NOT contain wheat or corn or peanut hulls (which are often infected with Aspergillus mold which produces aflatoxin which is especially deadly to dogs). They do contain a healthy fat called Lecithin which is refined from soy, but they DO NOT contain any soy beans, soy meal, or other forms of soy which are often contaminated with aflatoxin. (Lecithin is used in making many human food products.)
And they DO NOT contain artificial food colorings (which may be potentially carcinogenic), or toxic residues like melamine or pentabarbitol.
Life's Adundance pet foods contain high quality animal protein from meats such as liver, fowl meat from chicken or turkey, fish meal from top-grade catfish, and eggs.
Life's Abundance premium dog food contains only quality ingredients, and the best fruit, vegetables and select farm food. It never contains artificial colorings or artificial preservatives like Ethoxyquin, BHA and BHT. It doesn't need to!
Their dog foods also contain potent natural antioxidants (known to reduce risk of many diseases, including heart disease and cancer), flaxseed (promotes a healthy skin and coat, is another source of antioxidants, and has potential anti-tumor activity), fish oils and catfish meal (for healthy Omega 3 fatty acids), chelated minerals (for better absorption), and five helpful probiotic bacteria like Acidopholus (which improve natural digestion).
Chicken Fat, Catfish Meal, Flaxseed Meal, and Eggs provide a natural balance of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids to promote healthy skin and shiny coat.
Ground Brown Rice provides an excellent source of highly digestible carbohydrates for short-term energy and dietary fiber that is gentle on the stomach. (So many other dog foods contain corn or maize, which are virtually UNdigestible by dogs.)
Beet Fiber, Brewers Yeast, and Natural Bacteria Cultures help the digestive system work at peak efficiency, allowing your pet to get even more nutrition from this wholesome food.
All the Life's Abundance cat and dog foods and treats and health care products are veterinarian formulated by well-known and respected U.S. holistic veterinarian, Dr Jane Bicks DVM - author of three books on nutrition, and someone who actually CARES about providing only the BEST nutrition for your pets.
Click here to see
A COMPARISON of Ingredient Evaluations and Daily Cost To Feed A 30-pound Dog
for Life's Abundance Compared to 25 Popular Dry Dog Foods:
Beneful Adult Dog Food, Bil-Jac Select Adult Super Premium Dry Dog Food, Blue for Adult Dogs Chicken and Rice Recipe, Diamond Naturals Chicken and Rice Adult Formula Dry Dog Food, Evolve Maintenance Formula with Chicken, Flint River Ranch Adult and Puppy Dog Food, Hill's Science Diet Nature's BestŪ Chicken and Brown Rice, Natural Balance Ultra Premium Formula, Newman's Own Organics, Nutro Max Natural, Purina One SmartPlan Chicken and Rice Formula, Purina Pro Plan Shredded Blend Chicken and Rice Formula, Rachael Ray Nutrish with Real Chicken, Royal Canin Medium Breed Adult, Solid Gold Hund-N-Flocken Adult Dog Food, and Wellness Super5mix Complete Health Chicken Formula.
You will be surprised to see how some of the most popular dry dog foods are rated low in nutritional value; and you may be shocked to see how some of the low-rated brands actually cost MORE per feeding than some of the higher-rated brands.
And you may be shocked to see what you are really paying for some dog foods with inferior ingredients like undigestible corn meal, glutens, unspecified fats, or animal byproducts. One of the above dry dog foods with one of the worst nutritional evalutations actually has one of the highest costs per daily serving. Could it be the one you are buying for your dog?
Click here to get a $1 SAMPLE of Life's Abundance dog foods and healthy treats.
Click here to get their
Please visit the Life's Abundance Inc. web site to view an online video which explains the REAL ingredients in pet foods. Hear a veterinarian's advice on what's good and what's not good for your pet.
Wouldn't you rather invest your money in the healthiest foods for your pet, rather than pay for those TV ads which fool people into buying low-quality pet foods with cheap fillers and unhealthy ingredients?
It's true that quality pet foods with safe and healthy ingredients can cost more to produce, but the benefits of health and longer life for your pet are worth it!
But also consider this... when a pet food contains more nutritious ingredients, the cat or dog will tend to EAT LESS of the nutrient-rich food than of a cheap pet food with less nutrients. They might eat two-thirds to half as much, so do you really save much money by feeding your pet a cheap dog food with less real nutrients?
As you can see at the COMPARISON link above, some high-quality dog foods like Life's Abundance can actually cost LESS than some low-quality brands.
Also consider that when your pet eats more of the inferior foods containing lots of soy beans, corn, other grains, and fillers it will produce more smelly methane gas and excrete a higher volume of stinky stool for you to clean up.
When you also consider that a dog or cat food which supplies the best nutrition will help your pet remain healthy and avoid more of those costly veterinarian visits, then to purchase those cheap, low-quality, pet foods may be "penny wise and pound foolish".
Feeding your pet the healthiest foods can help extend its life by several years. Some medium-sized dogs have lived beyond 27 years!
Cutting costs on your dog's food may be cutting years from its life. Some pet food manufacturers who put profits ahead of pet health are already doing that. You don't have to.
Dr Jane Bicks is a pet nutrition expert who loves animals and really works at ensuring your dog's health! Pet health comes first before pet food profits. Dr Jane's name is on the label and her reputation is riding on the quality of the pet foods she formulates.
(How would you feel if your pet's veterinarian had recommended or sold you one of those many pet foods that were found to contain cheap Chinese wheat gluten contaminated with the melamine which poisoned and killed so many dogs and cats?)
All the pet foods formulated by Dr Jane use only ingredients that are nutritious and safe for your pet.
Life's Abundance Inc. donates a portion of its net profits to Dr. Jane's HealthyPetNet Foundation, Inc., a non-profit foundation dedicated to the promotion, establishment, maintenance and management of animal rescue groups committed to rescuing abused animals in the U.S.A.
If you love your dog, please view the short online videos when you click the link below to visit the Life's Abundance Inc. web site.
Feed nutritious and safe dog food to your beloved pets to give them a healthy and long life!
Click here to see
A COMPARISON of Ingredient Evaluations and Daily Cost
for Life's Abundance Compared to 25 Popular Dog Foods
Some highly regarded and trusted adult dry dog foods like Hill's Science Diet Nature's BestŪ Chicken and Brown Rice, and Royal Canin Medium Breed Adult each contain CORN or wheat or their glutens.
One of the compared adult dry dog foods with one of the worst nutritional evalutations actually has one of the highest costs per day. Could it be the one you are buying for your precious pet?
ORDER YOUR $1 SAMPLE of safe and healthy Life's Abundance Dog Food! (Offer valid only in USA and territories.)
To visit the Life's Abundance Dog Care page, click here:
Healthy Safe Dog Food
To learn some more interesting (and disturbing) facts and comments about the poisoned pet food recalls, the REAL ingredients of many popular brands of dog and cat food, and how they can harm your pet, click here to read the Safe Dog Food and Safe Cat Food pages.
Life's Abundance Inc. supplies safe, healthy, holistic cat and dog foods, healthy cat and dog treats, holistic cat and dog vitamin and mineral supplements, cat and dog gifts, plus deodorizing and cleaning products which are safe for the environment and safe for dogs and cats.
©2007,2014 Michael Star Co. All rights reserved.
The content of this article is intended "for educational purposes only" and should not be construed as veterinary or medical advice.
E&O excepted. All pet food product brand names mentioned herein are registered trademarks of their respective owners.